Crystal Springs Pet Hospital

122 De Anza Boulevard
San Mateo, CA 94402

(650)341-3438

crystalspringsph.com

Safety Tips

What not to give to your pet


Here is a quick reference guide to foods, plants and household items your pet should avoid.  Of course, the dose makes the poison, so eating small amounts may cause just an upset stomach, but in some cases it may be fatal. If you suspect that your animal has ingested poisonous substance, call our office or the Animal Poison Control Center for 24 - hour animal poison information at (888) 426-4435. We strongly suggest you avoid feeding your pet whatever you can find on the list below.


Medication:
Common examples of human medications that can be potentially lethal to pets, even in small doses, include:
- Pain killers
- Cold medicines
- Anti-cancer drugs
- Antidepressants
- Vitamins
- Diet Pills

Foods to avoid for your dog:      May result in:

Alcoholic Beverages                  Can cause intoxication, coma and death.

Baby Food                                 Can contain onion powder, which may be toxic to dogs. 
                                                  Can result in nutritional deficiencies if fed in 
                                                  large amounts.

Bones from poultry,                   Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.
fish or other meat          
sources.

Cat Food                                    Generally too high in protein and fats.

Chocolate, coffee, tea               Contain caffeine, theobromine which can be toxic and affect the
and caffeine  drinks                    heart and nervous system.
                                     
Citrus Oil Extracts                     Can cause vomiting

Fat Trimmings                           Can lead to pancreatitis.

                 organs including the liver and kidneys.

Grapes and Raisins                  Contain an unknown toxin which may lead to kidney damage.
                                     
Hops                                         Unknown compound causes panting,increased heart
                                                   rate,elevated temp,seizures and death.
                             
Human vitamin                        Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to other
supplements contain

Jerky treats from China            Can cause kidney damage
                        

Liver                                         Large amounts can cause Vitamin A toxicity which affects  muscles
                                                  and bones.

Macadamia Nuts                     Contains an unknown toxin which can affect digestive and nervous


Walnuts                                   Can cause seizures.
                                    
Milk and other dairy                Some adult dogs are lactose intolerant.  Diarrhea may result if
products                                     ingested.Lactose-free milk products are available for pets.   
                                    
                                    
Moldy or spoiled food               Can contain multiple toxins causing vomiting, diarrhea and can
                                                   affect other organs.
                                   
Mushrooms                                Can contain toxins which may affect multiple systems in the body
                                                    causing shock and resulting in death.
                                     
Onions and Garlic                      Can damage red blood cells and cause anemia.  Cats are more
(raw, cooked or                          susceptible than dogs.  Garlic is less toxic than onions.
powder)                         

Potato, rhubarb &                      Can affect the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.  More of
tomato leaves; potato                a problem in livestock.
and tomato stems.        

Raw eggs                                    Decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin) which can lead
                                                    to skin and hair coat problems.  Also may contain Salmonella.
                                     
Raw fish                                     Can result in a thiamine deficiency leading to loss of appetite,
                                                    seizures and in severe cases, death.  More common if fed
                                                    regularly.     
Sugar free gum and candy         Can cause severe decrease in blood sugar and seizures                       
Salt                                             In large quantities it may lead to electrolyte imbalances.
                                    
Sugary Foods                            Can lead to obesity, dental problems and  possibly diabetes                                     mellitus.
                                    
Table Scraps in                       Not nutritionally balanced and may contain onion, garlic, mushrooms.
large quantities                           (see above)

Yeast dough                              Can expand and produce gas in the digestive  system causing pain
                                                   and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.
                                    

Foods to avoid for your cat:      May result in:

Alcoholic Beverages                  Can cause intoxication, coma and death.

Baby Food                                  Can contain onion powder, which may be toxic to cats. 
                                                    Can result in nutritional deficiencies if fed in 
                                                    large amounts.

Bones from poultry,                   Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.
fish or other meat          
sources.

Canned tuna (for human            Can lead to malnutrition as it lacks the proper levels of vitamins
consumption.)                             and minerals

Chocolate, coffee, tea               Contain caffeine, theobromine which can be toxic and affect the
and other caffeine                      heart and nervous system.
                                     
Citrus Oil Extracts                    Can cause vomiting

Fat Trimmings                           Can lead to pancreatitis.

Dog food                                    If fed repeatedly may result in malnutrition and heart disease.

Garlic and onions                     Can cause anemia

Grapes and Raisins                  Contain an unknown toxin which may lead to kidney damage.
                                                                  
Human vitamin                         Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to other
supplements contain                 organs including the liver and kidneys.
ing iron                         

Liver                                         Large amounts can cause Vitamin A toxicity which affects  muscles
                                                  and bones.

Macadamia Nuts                     Contains an unknown toxin which can affect digestive and nervous
                                                  systems and muscle. Can cause seizures.
                                    
Milk and other dairy                Some cats are lactose intolerant.Diarrhea may result if
products                                   ingested. Lactose-free milk products are available for pets.   
                                    
                                    
Moldy or spoiled food            Can contain multiple toxins causing vomiting, diarrhea and can
                                                affect other organs.
                                   
Mushrooms                            Can contain toxins which may affect multiple systems in the body
                                                causing shock and resulting in death.
                                     
Onions and Garlic                  Can damage red blood cells and cause anemia.  Cats are more
(raw, cooked or                       susceptible than dogs.  Garlic is less toxic than onions.
powder)                         

Potato, rhubarb &                  Can affect the digestive, nervous and urinary systems.  More of
tomato leaves; potato            a problem in livestock.
and tomato stems.        

Raw eggs                                Decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin) which can lead
                                                to skin and hair coat problems.  Also may contain Salmonella.
                                     
Raw fish                                 Can result in a thiamine deficiency leading to loss of appetite,
                                                seizures and in severe cases, death.  More common if fed
                                                regularly.     
                                 
Salt                                         In large quantities it may lead to electrolyte imbalances.
                                    
Sugary Foods                         Can lead to obesity, dental problems and  possibly diabetes                                  mellitus.
                                    
Table Scraps in                      Not nutritionally balanced and may contain onion, garlic, mushrooms.
large quantities                      (see above)

Yeast dough                          Can expand and produce gas in the digestive  system causing pain
                                               and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.

 






ASPCA Poison Control Center


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Winter Holiday Hazards For Pets

Here are some tips for keeping your pets out of danger during the holiday season.

AVOID Holiday Food Items That Could Cause Problems For Your Pet

  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Chocolate (baker's, semi-sweet, milk chocolate)
  • Coffee (grounds, beans, chocolate covered espresso beans)
  • Moldy or spoiled foods
  • Onions, onion powder
  • Fatty foods
  • Salt
  • Yeast dough

PLANTS

  • Lilies that may be found in holiday flower arrangements could be deadly to your cat. Many types of lily, such as Tiger, Asian, Japanese Show, Easter, Stargazer, and the Casa Blanca, can cause kidney failure in cats.
  • Poinsettias are generally over-rated in toxicity. If ingested, poinsettias can be irritating to the mouth and stomach, and may cause mild vomiting or nausea.
  • Mistletoe has the potential to cause cardiovascular problems. However, mistletoe ingestion usually only causes gastrointestinal upset.
  • Holly ingestion could cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and lethargy.

HAZARDS AROUND THE CHRISTMAS TREE

  • Christmas tree water may contain fertilizers, which, if ingested, can cause stomach upset. Stagnant tree water can be breeding grounds for bacteria, which can also lead to vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea, if ingested.
  • Electric cords- Avoid animal exposure to electric cords. If they were chewed, they could electrocute your pet. Cover up or hide electric cords, never let your pet chew on them.
  • Ribbons or tinsel can get caught up in the intestines and cause intestinal obstruction.
  • Batteries contain corrosives. If ingested they can cause ulceration to the mouth, tongue, and the rest of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Glass ornaments can cut the tissues of the gastrointestinal tract if ingested.
  • Potpourris are popular household fragrances commonly used during the holiday season. Pets are often exposed to liquid potpourri by direct ingestion from simmer pots or spills, or by rubbing against leaky bottles or simmer pots containing the potpourri, or from spilling the containers upon themselves. Oral exposures result following grooming. Exposure of pets to some types of liquid potpourris can result in severe oral, dermal, and ocular damage. Dry potpourri generally doesn't cause those issues, but there may be problems due to foreign body and (possibly) toxic plant ingestion.

MEDICATIONS

Keep all prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs out of the reach of your pets, preferably in closed cabinets. Pain killers, cold medicines, anti-cancer, drugs, antidepressants, vitamins, and diet pills are common examples of human medication that could be potentially lethal even in small dosages. One

regular-strength ibuprofen tablet (200mg) can cause stomach ulcers in a 10-pound dog. Remind holiday guests to store their medications safely as well.

During the holidays, many veterinary clinics have limited office hours. In some cases, pet owners try to medicate their animals without their veterinarian's advice. Never give your animal any medications unless under the directions of veterinarian. Many medications that are used safely in humans can be deadly when used inappropriately. Less than one regular strength acetaminophen tablet (325mg) can be dangerous to a cat weighing 7lbs.

OTHER WINTER HAZARDS

  • Antifreeze has a pleasant taste. Unfortunately, very small amounts can be lethal. As little as one teaspoon of antifreeze can be deadly to a cat; less than four teaspoons can be dangerous to a 10-pound dog. Thoroughly clean up any spills, store antifreeze in tightly closed containers and store in secured cabinets. Automotive products such as gasoline, oil and antifreeze should be stored in areas that are inaccessible to your pets. Propylene glycol is a safer form of antifreeze. Low Tox? brand antifreeze contains propylene glycol and is recommended to use in pet households.
  • If you think your pet has consumed antifreeze, contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (1-888-4-ANI-HELP) right away!
  • Liquid potpourris are popular household fragrances commonly used during the holiday season. Pets are often exposed to liquid potpourri by direct ingestion from simmer pots or spills, or by rubbing against leaky bottles or simmer pots containing the potpourri, or from spilling the containers upon themselves. Oral exposures result following grooming. Exposure of pets to some types of liquid potpourris can result in severe oral, dermal and ocular damage.
  • Ice melting products can be irritating to skin and mouth. Depending on the actual ingredient of the ice melt and the quantity, signs of ingestion would include excessive drooling, depression, vomiting or even electrolyte imbalances.
  • Rat and mouse killers are used more commonly during colder weather. When using rat and mouse bait, place the products in areas that are inaccessible to your companion animals.

ALWAYS Be Prepared !!!!

Your animal may become poisoned in spite of your best efforts to prevent it. You should keep telephone numbers for your veterinarian, a local emergency veterinary service, and the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (1-888-4 ANI-HELP) in a convenient location. If you suspect that your pet has ingested something poisonous, seek medical attention immediately.

ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center
1-888-4ANI-HELP
http://www.apcc.aspca.org

ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center

The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, an operating division of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is a unique, emergency hotline providing 24-hour-a-day, 7-day-a-week telephone assistance to veterinarians and pet owners. The Center's hotline veterinarians can quickly answer questions about toxic substances found in our everyday surroundings that can be dangerous to animals. The Center maintains a wide collection of reference materials and computer databases that help provide toxicological information for various species. Veterinary professionals provide around-the-clock, on-site coverage of the Center. The licensed staff members share over one hundred and ten years of combined call center experience and over seventy-five years of combined toxicology, clinical, and diagnostic experience. The phone number of the Center is 1-888-4-ANI-HELP (1-888-426-4435) and the website is www.apcc.aspca.org.

Date Published: 12/11/2001
Date Reviewed/Revised: 06/07/2010

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